Space scientists claim strange points, spotted in the early universe, appear to be sources of vast amounts of information. It remains unclear why those strange parts of deep space behaves in such a puzzling way – but researchers claim these energetic areas could be the consequence of “conformal cyclic cosmology”, a theory suggesting our universe existed in another form before ours. And these cosmic areas could have formed from black holes, the researchers have claimed.
Those unexplained swirling areas in the sky could even be the remains of another universe.
Professor Sir Roger Penrose, an Oxford Universe mathematical physicist and one of the authors of the study, told New Scientist: “What we claim we are seeing is the final remnant after a black hole has evaporated away in the previous aeon.”
If the universe undergoes continual contractions and expansions, everything from the previous universe is likely destroyed each time, with nothing surviving into the next one.
But the latest study suggests black holes from the previous universe could in fact spew what is referred to as Hawking radiation, named after legendary scientist Professor Stephen Hawking.
And this radiation could survive from one iteration of the universe into the next.
These areas where the electromagnetic radiation was especially high – called Hawking Points – could therefore be remnants from the previous universe.
Those anomalous points could consequently be explained by what is known as CCC (Conformal Cyclic Cosmology) theory.
This describes these mysteriously glowing points as the final “evaporation” of the supermassive black holes existing in the version of a universe prior to this one.
However, many scientists object to the idea of the cyclical universe, and Hawking radiation still remains to be confirmed.
The scientists claim they hope their analysis will offer “a significant initial indication of the nature of these anomalous regions and provides an important new input into cosmology, irrespective of the validity of CCC.”
The researchers conclude by suggesting their study poses a significant problem for the conventional understanding of the universe, however they are formed.
They wrote: ”It is hard to see, however, that they find a natural explanation in the currently conventional inflationary picture.”
Some other physicists, however, remain unconvinced. Professor James Zibin of the University of British Columbia notes how scientists have been scrutinising the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) for years and have found no evidence for particularly hot spots.
He believes Professor Penrose and colleagues have failed to account for the “look elsewhere” effect.
He argued that because they found the hottest spots in the real as opposed to simulated data in just two out of 40 tests, the chances of having been the victim of a statistical fluke drop from one in 1000 to as low as one in 50.
Professor Douglas Scott, also at the University of British Columbia, is also sceptical.
Describing the paper as “very muddled and hard to follow”, he is wary of what he sees as a potentially perpetual series of attempts to find unusual features in the CMB.
He said: “Obviously, if someone could show that some specific pattern on the microwave sky was a proof that the universe underwent a series of cycles then that would be spectacularly exciting
“But this paper falls very short of doing that.”